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The library will be closed on Wednesday, June 19 in observance of Juneteenth. Gleeson Library encourages all individuals in the USF community to use this day to reflect on and actively engage in anti-racism work.

CDS 390: COVID-19 and Inequalities

Citing Sources

There are four options for citing sources. ​See below for more details on each option. 

Cite by Hand 

Our favorite style guide web site is the OWL from Purdue University.

Start from their Research and Citation Resources main page, or go directly to their sections for citing in these styles:

Check their left-hand menu to see all types of citation examples.

Citation Generators in Library Databases

If your references are from one of our databases, such as Fusion, use the auto-citation generator tool. These citation tools will take the information from the research article and will generate a citation in the most common citation formats (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian and others). You can then copy and paste that information into your bibliography, making sure to double-check it for errors.

EBSCO citation generator

Quick Formatting Tools

Type all the information into a free quick formatting tools (best for a few citations):

Citation Management Tools

If you have 10 or more citations or a few citations you plan to use again, you may consider using a citation management tool such as RefWorks, so you can use & re-use them as needed (and have some extra options for organizing them and managing PDFs).


Generate bibliographies and organize PDFs with this free, open source citation management tool.

Visit to download Zotero and set up an account. Loyola Marymount University has created some great video tutorials on how to get started with the standalone version of Zotero on PC and how to integrate Zotero with your word processor. For getting started with Mac, view this tutorial.

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