The digital collections below can include historical documents and images that contain deeply disturbing racist and/or painful descriptions of human enslavement primarily of Africans and African Americans.
Primary Sources are original records of information or eye-witness accounts of events that are used to interpret and gain insight into historical people, decisions, movements, and events.
Examples include:documents, speeches, letters, photographs, artwork, audio & video recordings, diaries, artifacts, and the digital equivalent of all of these
When searching for primary sources in books and articles use keywords related to your topic plus terms like, "diaries", "correspondence", "interviews", or "speeches".
When searching for primary sources that have been digitized and are available online use keywords related to your topic plus terms like, "digital collections", "archives", or "special collections" and limit the domain to .edu or .org.
- Slave VoyagesEXPLORE THE DISPERSAL OF ENSLAVED AFRICANS ACROSS THE ATLANTIC WORLD
This digital memorial raises questions about the largest slave trades in history and offers access to the documentation available to answer them. European colonizers turned to Africa for enslaved laborers to build the cities and extract the resources of the Americas. They forced millions of mostly unnamed Africans across the Atlantic to the Americas, and from one part of the Americas to another. Analyze these slave trades and view interactive maps, timelines, and animations to see the dispersal in action.
- African American Newspapers 1827-1998 provides online access to more than 350 U.S. newspapers published by or for African Americans, chronicling a century and a half of the African American experience. This unique collection, which includes historically significant papers from more than 35 states, features many rare 19th-century titles.
- Full text of more than 100 historical California newspapers from as early as 1845.
- The online collection is growing to include 5,000 individual volumes, with 650,000 pages and more than a million images. Each book tells a small piece of American history. But when researched together with Alexander Street's Semantic Indexing, the collection becomes a massive and powerful primary-source research tool, a tapestry of the places and people that have made America.
- Full text of more than 100 historical American newspapers from 1690 to 1922.
- Series 1 & 2: Key historical newspapers published in Latin America and the Caribbean between 1805 and 1922. Coverage features significant titles from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Venezuela, and elsewhere.
- American Slavery Documents Collection (Duke University)The American Slavery Documents Collection contains an assortment of legal and personal documents related to slavery in the United States. The type of materials include bills of sale, manumission papers, emancipation notes, bonds, auction notices and other assorted items.
- The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual RecordThe images in Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora have been selected from a wide range of sources, most of them dating from the period of slavery. Our growing collection currently has over 1,200 images. This website is envisioned as a tool and a resource that can be used by teachers, researchers, students, and the general public - in brief, anyone interested in the experiences of Africans who were enslaved and transported to the Americas and the lives of their descendants in the slave societies of the New World.
- Digital Public Library of America - Primary Sources about African AmericansThe Digital Public Library of America is an open, distributed national digital library that contains digital cultural heritage materials—photographs, maps, news footage, oral histories, manuscript documents, artwork, and more.
- The Gail and Stephen Rudin Collection on Slavery in America (Cornell University Library)The Rudin’s collection on the history of slavery in America is comprised of more than 500 documents, letters, and other items on the history of the sale, hire, purchase and debt payment of slaves in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century America.
- Library of Congress Digital Collections - SlaveryThe Library of Congress is the largest library in the world, with millions of books, recordings, photographs, newspapers, maps and manuscripts in its collections. The Library is the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office. This is a subset of the Library's Digital Collections narrowed by the search term, "Slavery".
- New York Public Library Digital Collections - Topic: SlaveryDigitized photo and print collections of the Schomburg Center pertaining to the slave trade, slavery, and abolition, which document the history and culture of people of African descent worldwide ranging from mid-eighteenth century graphics to contemporary documentary and art photography. Narrow results by Place, Genre, or Date.
- Slave Biographies: Atlantic Database Network(MATRIX: The Center for Digital Humanities & Social Sciences, Michigan State University)
Access three data sets: one about slaves in Maranhão, Brazil, one about slaves in colonial Louisiana, and another about freed slaves in Antebellum Louisiana. Includes the names, ethnicities, skills, occupations, and illnesses of individual slaves.
- Slavery and Remembrance: A Guide to Sites, Museums, and MemoryA collaboration of UNESCO’s Slave Route Project, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, and dozens of sites and museums across the globe. Slavery and Remembrance aims to broaden our understandings of a shared past shaped by slavery and slave trade by examining objects, structures, landscapes, and culture of institutions and sites of memory in Europe, Africa, and the Americas.
- Slavery Collections in CalisphereCalisphere is a gateway to digital collections from educational and cultural heritage institutions in California, like libraries, archives, and museums.
- Slave Societies Digital Archive (Vanderbilt University)The Slave Societies Digital Archive (SSDA) presents archival materials documenting the history of Africans and their descendants in the Atlantic World. It includes materials from church and parish archives in Brazil, Colombia, Cuba and Spanish Florida, and secular documents. Formerly the Ecclesiastical Sources in Slave Societies Project.
- Academic Search Complete, designed specifically for academic institutions, is among the most valuable and comprehensive scholarly, multi-disciplinary full-text database, with more than 8,500 full-text periodicals, including more than 7,300 peer-reviewed journals.
- America: History and Life is the definitive index of literature covering the history and culture of the United States and Canada, from prehistory to the present. With indexing for 1,700 journals from as far back as 1910, this database is without question the most important bibliographic reference tool for students and scholars of U.S. and Canadian history.
- Fusion allows you to search, in one place, the majority of the library’s books, articles, videos, etc. It includes all the materials in our library catalog Ignacio, as well as the content of the majority of our many databases.
- Full text of older issues of journals. Access includes Arts & Sciences I-XV, Business I Collection, Health & General Sciences Collection, and the Life Sciences Collection. To support online learning, JSTOR has made additional journal and primary source archival collections, 26 public health journals and over 6,000 articles related to COVID-19, openly accessible through June 30, 2023.
- The library catalog lets you search across the holdings of Gleeson Library and Zief Law Library, including books, videos, and other materials. Alumni and visitor access.
- More than 165,000 academic ebooks in a wide variety of subjects with unlimited user access.
- Nearly 160,000 academic ebooks (with unlimited user access) in a wide variety of subjects,
- ProQuest Ebook Central offers more than 140,000 ebooks (with unlimited user access) in a wide range of subject areas, along with powerful tools to help you find, use, and manage the information you need.