Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Statistics and Data

Essential Citation Elements

When citing datasets, here are the essential elements to include in the citations:

  • Author: Name(s) of the individual(s) or organizational entity responsible for the creation of the dataset.

  • Date of Publication: Year the dataset was published or disseminated.

  • Title: Complete title of the dataset, including the edition or version number, if applicable.

  • Publisher and/or Distributor: Organizational entity that makes the dataset available by archiving, producing, publishing, and/or distributing the dataset.

  • Electronic Location or Identifier: Web address or unique, persistent, global identifier used to locate the dataset (such as a DOI). Append the date retrieved if the title and locator are not specific to the exact instance of the data you used.

Tip: If you are using a citation manager such as RefWorks or Zotero, there is not a record type for "datasets" so instead use the "book" record type. Enter the pertinent information in the author, date, title, and publisher fields. Insert the URL/DOI in both the place of publication field and the DOI or URL field.

Data Citation Tools and Guides

Ask A Librarian